Genus Description (Episcia Mart), family Gesneriaceae, order Iasperiflora, class Dicotyledonous. Mesophilic plants - prefer moderate temperatures. In nature, they grow in the evergreen forests of the tropics of Central and South America. Terraces of rivers, shady ravines, moist cliffs and near waterfalls are their favorite places.
Clouds, fogs, tropical showers and the scattered rays of the sun, the absence of winds are habitual habitats for the plant. Have a decorative meaning. How beautifully flowering plant is included in the assortment of many flower farms of the world.
A fragile herb, perennial. A stem develops with elevated stolons. The part of the plant that is located between the stem and the root (hypocotyl) grows, storing nutrients - a hypocotyl tuber is formed.
The leaves are wide, pubescent, simple, undifferentiated, located opposite. Juicy, with pinnate venation, variously colored.
The flowers are bisexual, large, five-membered. Five-bladed calyx and bell-shaped nimbus. Located singly in the axils of the leaves. In nature, red flowers are more common, less often orange, yellow, pink, blue.
In nature, flowers are pollinated by insects - butterflies, bees, moths, which distributed plants among themselves by species. For example, bats prefer white and cream flowers, abundantly seasoned with nectar and pollen. Do not miss the beautiful hummingbird flower that feed on nectar. Birds love red flowers, with a whisk equal in length to their beak.
The species composition of the description is not numerous. Variety of varieties was obtained with the participation of 3 species - Episciacupriata, E. lilacina Hanst, E. Reptans.
|Episcia cupriata (copper red)||Leaves up to 10 cm long, green, olive, copper silver, with a brown trim. The flowers are yellow or red, the corolla may be orange, the cup is yellow. Loves ambient light|
|Episcia fimbriata fritsch||Described by Karl Fritsch. The leaves are oval, dark green. Grows up to 20 cm. The flower is white, up to 4 cm, in the center a speckled yellow-brown spot|
|E.hispida (hirsuta)||The midrib of the leaf is noticeably colored. Flower up to 5 cm, white, lilac pink at the base|
|E. lilacina Hanst||Leaves up to 5 cm long, with denticles, red-violet hue. Large flowers|
|Nautilocalyx E. melittifolia||Lilac flower. Leaves are not pubescent|
|E. reptans||The flowers are red, fringed. In the light, the leaves become silver|
|E. suprina||The flowers are large, red or pink. Leaves are slightly pubescent, dark green. Silver veins are pronounced|
|E. xsantha.||The flowers are yellow. Green brown leaves|
|Alsobia dianthiflora. The description is clove-colored.||A creeping plant is used in ampel gardening. The leaves are small, green in color, with a bluish-white tint. The flowers are large, white|
|A. punctata||Leaves without pubescence, green, sharpened. The flowers are white, with brown lace|
To date, 12 species of the genus episcia are known.
Colorful leaves and elegant flowers of the description did not go unnoticed by gardeners. Many varieties and hybrids have been created.
|Aloha mauna loa||Olive green||Distinct, raspberry veins||Red, orange|
|Ututut||Pinkish green, mother-of-pearl||Clear, silver veins||Bright red|
|Chocolate cream||Brown with silver||Embossed mesh, almost glossy||Orange|
|Ountry kitten||Dark chocolate||Pink mother of pearl||Red, with a yellow neck|
|Faded jade||Light green, jade color||Silver streaming along the veins||Red, orange|
|Gray lady||Olive with pink||Lots of mother of pearl along the central vein||Red, orange|
|Kee wee||Dark green||Raspberry silver||Bright red|
|My precious||Large, glitter, green||The veins are silver, pearl spots in the center||Yellow|
|Moon light||Green, pink border, silver||Veins silver-pink||Red, orange|
|Northern light||Olive||Pink silver||Raspberry|
|Pink acajou||Dark green with pink.||Olive, deep||Reds|
|Pink panther||Dark green||Light green||Bright raspberry|
|Spring symphony||Green brown||Hot pink||Orange|
|Sun gold||Olive, glossy||Salad crisp||Bright yellow|
|Sea foam||Shiny, with a pink tint||Silver olive||Reds|
|Silver skies||Light green, pearly, with olive wide border||The bright central vein is clearly visible||Scarlet|
|Silver dust||Pearl Dark Green||Vein mesh||Scarlet|
|Tiger stripe||Dark green, without pubescence||Silvery||Scarlet|
|Yellow mist||Malachite color||Bright veins with mother of pearl||Yellow|
|Dutch woman||Pearl green velvet leaves with purple trim||Symmetrical veins||Raspberry|
The description of Veronika’s Hair was created by Ukrainian breeders - red flowers, glossy cherry leaves with pearl coating.
There are more than a dozen watercolor or variegated descriptions. Leaves are painted in light tones - a combination of green with cream, salad, pink and white. Leaves, sometimes reaching 10 cm in length, are weightless, smooth and tender. The flowers are small, red, orange, purple and pink. Due to the fact that the synthesis of chrolophyll in the leaves is impaired (there is little green in the leaves) care for them requires increased attention.
Home care is simple. It grows well at a moisture content of 60%, but does not tolerate flooded soil. This level of humidity is difficult to maintain in a living room, therefore you can make simple devices:
The plant does not like spraying. An epilation will respond to such a procedure with growth retardation. Stains may appear on the leaves and the ends may twist.
If there is a lack of water, she drops the leaves. Lowland peat is added to the moisture retention substrate. When watering, the earth is well moistened with water, the excess is drained from the pan to prevent root rot.
Top dressing with complex floral mineral or organic fertilizers is carried out during the growing season - in spring - in the summer 1 time in 2 weeks. Fertilizers must be diluted twice against the recommended rate.
The creeping description loves diffused light and feels good at a distance of 3-4 m from the window on the south side. Clove-flowered description can be placed 2-3 m from the window - it prefers partial shade. On the northern windows, plants can be placed directly on the windowsill.
With a lack of light, the episition begins to grow into the stem, reducing the number of lateral processes and leaves. Flowering is delayed and will be short-lived. With excessive lighting, the leaves become smaller and fade. Do not place near batteries or other radiators. Drafts are contraindicated. For descriptions, t below 18 ° C is unfavorable - basal rot may develop.
A fast-growing bush is pruned after flowering. The stems are shortened and shaped to your liking.
The description is propagated by cuttings - by rooting stem or leafy cuttings. It is easily rooted directly in the soil. Cuttings are planted in a moist, warm substrate and shaded. Reproduction by seeds may not give the expected result. Many cultivars are hybrid, and hybrids do not inherit their characteristics. They grow well on light earth mixtures, slightly acidic or neutral.
Recommended soil composition:
You can buy in the store special mixtures for violets.
Diseases arise when the conditions of detention are violated:
The description may not get sick if preventive measures are taken - disinfect the soil and utensils, pour warm water without flooding, and protect from drafts.
Hazardous pests are dangerous in that they consume many plants in a row. It is difficult to get rid of ticks and aphids, since the epithet cannot be sprayed. Therefore, insects are destroyed by garlic or turpentine vapors. A container with turpentine or a bag of garlic should be placed next to the pot, the plant is covered with a plastic bag without damaging the leaves. The edges of the bag are pressed firmly to the ground.
The gall nematode feeds on the sap of the plant. Distributed with soil, planting material. Fighting her is very difficult and often hopeless. To prevent the spread of infection to healthy plants, gardeners recommend destroying diseased flowers. Pots and tools should be washed with laundry soap and disinfected by boiling.
Velvet and glossy leaves, green, olive and mother-of-pearl, vibrant flowers - they love the description for its unpretentiousness and quick response to care and attention. Breeding several different varieties allows you to quickly diversify and revitalize the interior.