The best types of indoor decorative palm trees

Indoor or home decorative palm - a special plant. Not all types of such an exotic plant are suitable for growing a house, therefore, to choose not only beautiful, but also quite unpretentious varieties, you need to know what palm crops are, and how suitable they are for indoor floriculture.

General description of decorative home palm

Palm or palm house crops are a fairly extensive family of monocotyledonous plants. As a rule, a woody plant or tree has unbranched trunks with a primary thickening of the protoderm and meristem. Some species are represented by perennials with thin creeping or climbing shoots. The name of palm trees with a branching trunk is doom palm trees. This is a plant similar in appearance to a bush. Some species of such representatives do not have a stem part, and the leaves rise directly above the ground.

The thickness of the barrel can reach a meter at a height of several tens of meters. The leaves of some representatives may be pinnate:

  • Coconut
  • palm "fox tail";
  • date;
  • Howe;
  • chamedorrhea;
  • karyota is bipedal.

Cultures with fan leaves, which belong to the chamerops, trachicarpus, palm of liviston and others, are quite widespread.

How to care for indoor palm trees

Photo gallery

Types of room palm

Home or indoor decorative palm trees are very popular and in demand in the floral design of a modern interior. Species differ in size, shape and color of the leaves, as well as the demands on growing conditions and care. The following types are most popular in home floriculture:

  • Date;
  • North American or Washington, DC;
  • Howe;
  • Rapis
  • Mexican or "Hamedorea";
  • Asian or "karyota";
  • Spanish or "cryozophila";
  • Chinese or "livistona";
  • Feline or "calathea".
ViewVarietyDescription and characteristic
BambooHamedorea gracefulUnpretentious and shade-tolerant palm tree, with cirrus leaves and small pale yellow fragrant flowers
Hamedorea PlainIndoor flower has a thinner and longer foliage
Hamedorea highThe tallest variety with very long branches densely covered with narrow green leaves
Hamedorea Ernest-AugustusA short perennial with large and wide glossy leaves with bright orange flowers
SagaCicas droopingLow-growing plant with attractive foliage of emerald green staining
Curled cicasCirrus foliage, located on stems up to a half to two meters high
Tsikas SiameseMedium-sized plant with a highly decorative aerial part of a white-bluish-green color
Tsikas RumfaPerennial indoor palm with very characteristic, rich emerald stain foliage
FanLivistonLoving culture with a height of not more than two meters with powerful and well leafy stems
WashingtoniaUnpretentious, but very photophilous highly decorative plant, sensitive to transplantation
TrachicarpusCold-resistant, moisture-loving variety, perfectly adapted for cultivation in cool rooms
ChameropsIn conditions of indoor floriculture, a decorative palm tree loves airing and is distinguished by an enviable unpretentiousness
SabalOne of the rarest and very demanding species in the care and growing conditions

Beginning gardeners are advised to pay attention to the following most unpretentious indoor palm trees:

  • Howe Forster;
  • Howe Belmore;
  • Rapis is high;
  • Rapeseed
  • Rapis Thin;
  • Rapis Alicia;
  • Rapis Nova Laos;
  • Cariota is soft or fish tail.

Species of palm-like houseplants

To date, a variety of palm-shaped, ornamental plants, which are very popular in the home interior, are due to the presence of a lignified and leafless stem with a bunch arrangement of leaves of not the apical part, they were called false palms:

  • elephant-footed yucca, aloe-elite yucca, narrow-leaved yucca, gray-haired yucca and fibrous yucca;
  • veitch pandanus, useful pandanus and sandera pandanus;
  • Marginata dracaena, fragrant dracaena, Song of India dracaena, Lyme dracaena, Derema dracaena, Canary dracaena, Godsef dracaena, Golden dracaena, Curved dracaena, Surkulose dracaena and Hooker dracaena;
  • bushy cordilina, undivided cordilina, southern cordilina, straight cordilina, Benks cordilina;
  • bokarneya nolin;
  • some varieties of dieffenbachia.

Pseudopalms are completely unpretentious, therefore, they can become a worthy and affordable alternative to tall and slow-growing room palm trees.

How to transplant a room palm

Features of home care

Depending on the species and characteristics of the variety, care for indoor perennial palm-shaped crops may vary slightly, but aboutThe general principles for growing such decorative exotics are as follows:

  • a flowerpot with a decorative perennial is best installed in warm rooms, near windows to the south;
  • an adult and well-developed plant is less demanding on the surrounding factor, so some fluctuations from optimal temperature indicators are quite acceptable;
  • young indoor palm trees need the most strict observance of both temperature indicators and humidity level in the growing room;
  • in the warm season, the indoor palm tree should be kept at a temperature of between 16-22aboutFROM;

  • in winter, the temperature in the room for cultivation of perennials should be reduced to 14-16 aboutC, and cold-resistant species are able to winter at lower temperatures, but within 10 aboutFROM;
  • a perennial plant is quite demanding on certain parameters of air humidity, therefore, in the summer, it is recommended to spray the palm crown quite often with warm and settled water from a household spray gun;
  • periodically it is required to remove dust from the leaves by means of a wet and soft brush or by washing the crown in the shower, since such a water treatment favorably affects the growth processes and the general condition of the room culture;
  • starting from the early spring to mid-autumn, the plant needs to be watered quite abundantly with warm and settled water, preventing the soil from drying out excessively in a flower pot;
  • almost all palm trees belong to the category of photophilous plants, but prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause severe burns on the foliage, therefore, when placed on the windows, high-quality shading from the midday sun may be required;

  • Despite the fact that periodic ventilation affects the perennial very positively, the negative effects of drafts and cold air dormancy should not be allowed;
  • for proper growth and development of young plants, it is very important to provide a nutrient soil that is correctly selected in composition with sufficient ease, but special planting mixtures for cultivating dracaena are suitable for growing;
  • tall indoor palm trees require mandatory additional nutrition, so in the early spring it is recommended to apply fertilizers designed to feed ornamental deciduous plants three times a month.

Despite the high resistance to defeat by diseases and pests, Significant errors in care can negatively affect both the decorativeness and the general condition of the plant:

  • darkening of the tips of the leaves may indicate too dry air or insufficient irrigation measures;
  • a change in the coloring of the above-ground part also causes a very close location to heating appliances, exposure to cold air and the use of cold or highly chlorinated water for irrigation;
  • softening or yellowing of the leaves often indicates a strong overmoistening of the soil in the flower pot or a sharp decrease in the temperature regime in the room;
  • drying out of young leaves is the result of too intense sunlight, so the culture needs to provide diffuse lighting;
  • the plant stops in development when growing uncomfortable conditions, in too cold and damp rooms, with insufficient nutrition.

Important to rememberthat yellowing and drying of the lower leaves is a completely natural phenomenon and does not require intervention, and regular spraying and watering the plants with soft and warm water can maintain decorative attractiveness for many years.

Varieties of decorative palm trees

Home palm-shaped crops are not only incredibly beautiful and very exotic houseplants that create a unique style in the interior of almost any room, but also unpretentious perennials that can clean the air and make the house more comfortable.

Previous Article

Yogurt pancakes and zucchini cooked on kefir

Next Article

Tree trunk trunks: care features and design options