Calathea Varshevich (Calathea warscewiczii) - a plant belonging to the genus Calathea and the family Marantovye. Areas of natural growth are represented by humid tropical zones in Central and South America. At home, it is cultivated mainly by experienced flower growers, since the tropical culture needs quite competent care at all stages of development.
This species of a relatively large perennial rhizome plant has a very shortened stem part. Large foliagelong-basal, basal arrangement, collected in decorative sockets. The average leaf length and petiole size are proportional and weld within 15-50 cm. A simple-type leaf plate, oval in shape, has a velvety and slightly wavy, attractive surface.
The upper side of the leaves is characterized by the presence of a very clear, well-defined pattern. Against a dark green background, along the entire length along the central vein, there is a thick strip of light green stain with torn and serrated edges, due to which it resembles a Christmas tree in appearance. From the spruce strip, to the leaf edge, thin strips of light coloring depart. The underside of the leaves has an attractive burgundy brown color. Petioles are also colored brownish-burgundy.
Amateur gardeners appreciate Kalatea Varshevich not only due to the formation of highly decorative and very effective foliage, but also for attractive and relatively long flowering. Tropical perennial forms quite large flowers, which have a light beige-cream or white color. Flowers are collected in spike-shaped and small-flowered inflorescences located on shortened peduncles. The flowering period lasts from the last decade of spring to July. A characteristic feature is the ability of foliage to fold and rise in the evening.
Calatheas do not tolerate transplantation very well, but such events are simply vital to stimulate the rapid growth and development of the root system of culture. An adult calathea transplant needs to be done every three years, and a young plant can be transplanted annually, which will provide the culture with the most comfortable conditions:
When transplanting an adult plant, you need to apply the method of transshipment of the root system without violating the integrity of the earthen coma. If there is a suspicion that the root system is affected by rot, then the roots need to be freed from the soil and all damaged areas removed. Only after this is a transplant performed with a complete replacement of the soil. At the final stage of the event, it is recommended to water the plants with a solution based on the Zircon preparation diluted at the rate of four drops per liter of settled water at room temperature.
In the process of spring transplantation indoor tropical plant can be propagated by dividing the rhizome. Not only well-formed roots, but also several leaflets must be present on each delenka. Delenki plants need to be planted in individual flower pots filled with soil for growing arrowroots and set for adaptation in a warm and humid room. In home floriculture, the propagation of Varshevich's calathea is very popular. In this case, the formed aerial cuttings must be carefully separated from the parent bush and planted in moist moistened soil. Until the stem is completely rooted, the plant should be covered with translucent polyethylene with ventilation holes.
The method of seed propagation of a decorative perennial is practically not used by amateur gardeners. Such a lack of demand for the method is due to the fact that even the highest quality seed material has insufficient germination rates, and the reproduction process itself is quite complicated. Sowing of seeds is carried out in planting containers filled with a mixture based on a pair of parts of sheet soil and part of medium-grained sand. Germination is carried out with strict observance of the temperature regime in the range of 22-25ºC. After the appearance of a pair of leaves on the seedlings, a dive is performed, and after the young plants are sufficiently strong, they need to be planted in individual flower pots.
As the main top dressing of the plant and replenishment of the soil substrate once every two weeks, from the middle of spring to the last summer days, complete complex fertilizers are used for decorative flowering tropical plants. Fertilizing is necessary only after a sufficiently plentiful watering, on moist soil.
Watering is carried out only when necessary, well-maintained and not too cold water. The soil substrate in the flower pot between waterings must necessarily dry to a depth of two to three centimeters. All water that has accumulated after irrigation in the pan is subject to mandatory removal, which will prevent souring of the soil and decay of the roots of the plant.
According to experienced amateur gardeners, Calathea Varshevich is one of the most demanding and whimsical types of Calathea, therefore, how comfortable the conditions created for the cultivation of this exotic are, the more decorative the plant will be. Indicators of air humidity for normal growth and full development should be 80-90%. With increased dryness, the foliage dries up, and the aboveground part completely loses its decorative appeal.
In indoor floriculture, calatheas are especially often affected by red spider mites, which is also due to insufficient humidity in the room. Among other things, the plant needs bright and diffused lighting, as well as a properly selected temperature regime. Any errors in care can provoke the disease and the subsequent death of the indoor tropical flower.