Features and timing of onion planting on the lunar calendar in 2019



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Onions - one of the most popular and common garden crops in our country, represented by several species.

According to the lunar sowing calendar for 2018, it is necessary to sow and plant onions grown to obtain vitamin greens and in order to lay turnips for storage for the winter, at different times. This is due to the influence of the celestial luminary and zodiac signs on the growth processes underground and on the surface. Many gardeners prefer to grow onion seedlings, which can significantly accelerate the harvest and improve its quality characteristics.

The most favorable days for planting onions in 2018

Depending on the purpose for which the garden crop is grown, the timing of sowing work can vary significantly. Today, along with onions, such types as shallots, leeks and leeks are very popular. forming not only tasty, but also extremely healthy, vitamin products.

Days

January 2018

February 2018

March 2018

April 2018

May 2018

June 2018

July 2018

August 2018

September 2018

October 2018

November 2018

December 2018

Planting onions on a turnip

not

not

17, 26, 31

22, 28

8, 9, 20, 24

not

5, 19

10, 11, 20

9, 13, 19

6, 7, 16

7, 12, 14

6, 17

Sowing onions on greens

3, 4, 13, 24,
2,
26,
27, 29

5, 12, 14, 23, 24

2, 3, 7, 9

18, 20, 23, 28

3, 5, 15, 20, 24, 31

2, 11, 16, 20, 28,
29,
30

3, 4, 6, 26,
27,
28, 30

2, 3, 22,
23,
24, 28

5, 23, 25,
26,
27

3, 4, 20-22, 25, 30

1,
2,
3, 19, 20, 25, 30

1,
2, 19, 25, 29

Sowing onion-batun, leek and shallot

not

not

not

19, 23, 27, 28

3, 9, 10

27,
28
30

2, 3, 26, 30

3, 23, 24, 28

1,
5, 25, 26

3, 20,
21,
22, 30

1,
2,
3, 19, 20

1,
2, 20, 25

Cultivation recommendations

According to the lunar calendar, all days are divided into favorable, moderately fertile and completely unsuitable for certain works, days, due to the lunar phase and the presence of the celestial body in the zodiac sign.

What is the timing of planting onion sets

Agrotechnical eventsAuspicious daysBad days 2018
Irrigation ActivitiesnotMarch 4-5, 13, 14 April 1, 9, 10, 11 April 7, 8, 16 May 17

June 3, 4, 29, 30

July 1, 10, 11, 29, 30

August 6, 16, 25, 26

Complex feedingFebruary 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 27, February 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 28, 29, 30, March 31 1, 6, 24, 25, 26, April 27, 28, 29, 30

May 3, 4, 5, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 31

June 4, 5, 23, 24, 27, 28

July 3, 4, 20, 21

August 1, 2, 4, 21, 22, 24, 25, 31

not

Turnip onions

Onions in order to obtain large and high-quality turnips can be obtained by sowing seeds and planting seeds. The first option involves growing in a two-year culture or seedlings. When sowing seeds in the first year after ripening, the same sowing is obtained, which next year forms a good turnip crop. Sow onions often enough, taking into account the risks of germination and a favorable period for the lunar calendar. Good, but too thick shoots need to be thinned. On plants forming a turnip for long-term storage, picking a green feather is not recommended.

The main agricultural activities are feeding and proper irrigation measures. Onion ridges should be kept clean from weeds, and the soil should be shallow, but often loosened, after irrigation. Watering onions should be especially plentiful and regular in June. After the crop has passed the ripening stage, it is very important to first reduce and then completely stop watering, which will prevent rotting of the stored crop.

Feather bow

You can grow onions to get a green feather not only from bulbs, but also from seed material. This method is longer in time, but rather cheap and affordable. Bulbs should not be too large, but planting scheme involves the penetration of planting material into the ground by about one tenth of the total weight of the bulb. During the sorting process, you need to rid the selected bulbs of excess husk, and in order to increase yields, before planting, they must be warmed up during the day at a temperature of 40 ° C. After warming up with the help of a garden pruner, the neck on the bulb is cut off. This technique allows you to increase oxygen access to the bulb and accelerates the appearance of leaves.

When grown from seeds, their germination should be more than 80-85%. To determine the germination rate before sowing, the seeds are tested by germination on a wet towel. Before sowing, seeds should be soaked for a day in water at room temperatureand then process in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate and place for 12 hours in a solution based on the preparation "Epin". The treated seeds must be dried to a loose state and sown with a centimeter deepening in a three- and four-line tape method with a row spacing of 15-20 cm. For uniform distribution over furrows, the seeds must be mixed with sand.

Planting onions in the winter

Onion batun

Perennial green culture has become popular due to its unpretentiousness, excellent taste and great benefits. Despite the fact that each variety has its own characteristics that must be taken into account when growing, there are some uniform sowing rules that allow you to get a high and high-quality crop.

If the air temperature allows for the cultivation of onions, the sowing of the pre-sowing seed material is carried out starting in February. With such sowing dates, a good crop can be obtained already in mid-summer. If you need to get fresh vitamin greens in the early spring for the next season, you need to cut the leaves remaining after harvesting until the first decade of August, after which abundant watering and top dressing is performed, followed by thorough loosening of the soil. This method allows the plant to fill with nutrients before winter, and guarantees high yield next spring.

Shallot

The cultivation of shallots in order to obtain vitamin greens and turnips has much in common with the cultivation of onions. However, there are some subtleties and features that must be taken into account to obtain a high-quality and high yield. When growing this species in a perennial culture it is important to remember that with prolonged cultivation in one place, it is able to degenerate. As a result, not only the qualitative characteristics, but also the amount of the crop are sufficiently reduced.

Soil in the area intended for cultivation must necessarily be fertile, very loose and well fertilized. The site must be thoroughly cleaned of weed vegetation. Best of all, the crop succeeds on soil with a pH level of 6.7-7.0, and any bean plants will be the best predecessors for shallots. Seeds must be pre-sowed. Bulbs selected for planting should weigh approximately 9.0 grams and have a diameter of at least 30 mm.

Leek

In home gardens, leeks are grown by seed or using seedlings. Early ripe and highly productive varieties such as Goliath, Kilima and Columbus have proven themselves best.

For the cultivation of leeks, it is required to prepare sites represented by organics rich, loose and fertile, with neutral reaction soils. Adult leek has sufficient resistance to minor frosts, but for young plants and seedlings, lower temperatures can become fatal, therefore in the middle lane and in the northern regions it is preferable to sow seedlings.

The subtleties of planting black onions

Focusing on the data of the lunar calendar and observing the rules of the technology of growing garden crops, you can get a high and high-quality onion crop, regardless of its type and varietal characteristics.



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