Edible mushrooms of the Saratov region


Although, due to their geographical location, the neighborhood of Saratov cannot boast of vast forests, the mushrooms of the Saratov region can amaze lovers of quiet hunting with their diversity. Of course, the more northern regions of Russia, the territory of the Urals and Siberia are out of competition. Nevertheless, more than 2000 species of various mushrooms can be found in the region, of which about 150 are edible. But only 10-20 species are popular among the population, because some quite edible specimens (oyster mushrooms, summer mushrooms, umbrellas, morels) are not considered by local residents as such because of their obscurity and therefore are not collected.

Conditions Affecting Mushroom Harvest

The number of mushrooms in the Saratov region is affected by the climatic features of the region. Often there are lean years when insufficient moisture leads to drought, which does not contribute to the mass exit of mushrooms to the surface. 2016 in this regard turned out to be rather generous. In the vicinity of Saratov, enthusiasts gathered boletus, mushrooms, whites, butterflies, and moss-flies. Particularly fruitful were birch groves near the village of Bolshoi Melik and Petrovsky District.

Edible mushrooms like rainy, non-hot weather. Therefore, the best time to pick mushrooms is autumn (before the first frost, from the end of August to the end of October) or the end of May - the beginning of June. A sign of mushroom pores will be fog and warm nights. In spring and almost all summer, subject to precipitation, oily, boletus and white grow. Young grown mushrooms are best harvested 2-3 days after rain. And since during the short mushroom season only the lazy do not go out into the forest for the weekend, the probability of bringing a full basket home increases if you go on a quiet hunt in the middle of the week.

About mushrooms in the Saratov region

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Popular Edible Mushrooms

The most common species in the forests of the Saratov Region are porcini mushrooms, brown boletus, boletus boletus, mushrooms, chanterelles, mushrooms, honey agarics, butterflies, meadow champignons, different types of russula, etc.

Among the whites, there are the following varieties: oak tree (its other name is the undercoat), boletus, white summer, birch. All of them are similar in size (on average 15-20 cm), the density does not darken when cooking the pulp. Outwardly they differ in color, shape of hats, roundness of legs. The white summer one wears a spherical, convex, lighter hat compared to the boletus. The headdress of the birch porcini mushroom is light yellow, and the leg is elongated. A Dubovik with a slightly convex hat is distinguished by a reddish-brown or a pronounced yellowish net pattern on a tuberous leg, while the boletus and white summer legs are thicker, especially at the base.

In the old pine forests there are porcini mushrooms with a classic, dark red-brown hats.

Redheads who prefer sandy soils are found in the floodplain of the Khoper River, forests of the Baltai and Bazarno-Karabulak districts.

Loved by many oleagins (these include: oily, grainy, larch) can be found in pine and mixed forests. They grow in numerous groups, sprout together, after heavy rains, 3-4 times a season, but are quickly inhabited by worms. They can be found up to October-November, as well as honey mushrooms and boletus.

Of course, the presented list of edible mushrooms is incomplete. In the Saratov forests, you can find many other edible mushrooms. But most lovers of quiet hunting prefer to collect and harvest for the future some kind of specific view. It depends on the taste and available knowledge, as well as in order to avoid poisoning. Representatives of the same species, growing in different areas, may differ in smell, color of hat, legs. For a deeper knowledge, it is recommended to use the illustrated guides compiled by professional mycologists.

How to distinguish edible mushrooms from poisonous ones?






Mushroom places of the Saratov region

Divided by the Volga, the Saratov region in the right-bank part belongs to the forest-steppe zone, where most of the forests are located, consisting mainly of broad-leaved trees.

In 2016, floodplain forests, as well as pine forests located in the valleys of the Khoper and Medveditsa rivers, were especially rich in mushrooms.

An experienced mushroom picker knows that most often edible mushrooms in the Saratov region grow in elevated sunny places, on warming forest edges, in rare aspen forests, purged pine forests, light birch and oak groves, on clearings, old forest roads and trails.

On the attached map of mushroom places in the Saratov region, the areas where mushrooms are most often mass exited are indicated. This is the Engels district near Lake Tin-Zin, Marksovsky near the village of Zvonarevka, Saratov near the village of Popovka, Krasnoarmeysky in the vicinity of the village. Ivanteevka. As shown in 2016, Petrovsky, Tatishchevsky, Bazarno-Karabulaksky and Baltic areas also belong to the mushroom. Each inveterate mushroom picker has a treasured place in reserve, the paths to which are trampled for years. But his whereabouts are usually kept secret. Other lovers of quiet hunting can only wish good luck. With some luck with an empty basket, do not leave the forest!



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