Currently, cages for factory-made chickens are presented in a rich assortment, but if necessary chicken coops for laying hens, as well as cage structures using competent drawings and diagrams, can be done with your own hands, with minimal time and effort.
As a rule, an independent device of the chicken coop involves the use of fairly cheap, but high-quality materials. The area of such a room for keeping a layer should be sufficient to ensure a comfortable stay. It is very important to correctly determine the size of the chicken coop. Such a room should be suitable for normal movement, so two or three hens account for one square meter of space, but the minimum area is 3 m2.
Proper arrangement of the chicken coop involves the presence of a free-range enclosure, which is enclosed by a grid. For the maintenance of ten laying hens, it will be necessary to complete a construction of 200 × 200 cm in size with a walking aviary of 200 × 700 cm. The entrance and the walking area are located on the south side, which is well protected from gusts of wind and drafts. A prerequisite for organizing a walk is a canopy over it, which will protect the poultry from the sun and rain.
The construction site should be sufficiently dry, without swamping and moisture accumulation. It is important to arrange a drainage system around the building to remove rainwater. It is recommended to create an artificial hill under the foundation foundation using brickwork, gravel or gravel. From above it is advisable to pour a clay base and a sand pillow 150 mm high.
Today in Russia it is the cellular content of poultry that is actively practiced. Moreover, such rules for growing hens apply not only to industrial enterprises, but also to private poultry farming.
The advantages of the cage system of laying hens in the conditions of homestead poultry farming are:
Despite the high efficiency of the cell system, this option for poultry has certain sometimes very noticeable shortcomings, which must be taken into account by the poultry breeder when equipping the house:
Among other things, as the practice of cell maintenance shows, with such a system, veterinary costs will inevitably increase, associated with the prevention of avian infections and preventing the development of hypovitaminosis. This feature is due to the lack of sunlight and the relative crowding of poultry, which provokes weakening of natural immunity and requires the use of not only high-quality and completely balanced feed compositions, but also the addition of special additional vitamin-mineral complexes.
The correct manufacture of cells implies the observance of certain simple rules:
Also in the self-production of cells equipped with a double bottom, The following parameters must be taken into account:
As practice shows, cells with a double bottom are convenient to operate and simple to manufacture on their own.
Making chicken nests on your own is easy, but it is necessary to choose the optimal design in all respects, the most convenient design:
Regardless of the type of construction, it is necessary to adhere to standard socket sizes:
For self-production, it is best to use sheet plywood, which must be treated with sandpaper, which eliminates all roughness and burrs.
For the independent construction of the chicken coop, you will need not only to purchase all the necessary building material, but also to carry out construction in accordance with the basic norms and rules:
Very important properly equip the air exchange system in the form of supply and exhaust ventilation from plastic pipes with a diameter of 14 cm.
To obtain the highest egg laying capacity of chickens, a number of requirements must be observed, including proper feed and sufficient daylight hours. But it is equally important to provide the poultry with comfortable living conditions, which can be represented by both a traditional chicken coop and a high-quality cell system.