Cannes flowers are distinguished by a variety of coloring and shades, as well as a sharply asymmetric shape. Many flower growers prefer to grow such a difficult-to-care plant in the country or to keep at home as a spectacular decorative culture.
Canna (Canna) belongs to the monotypic family Cannes (Cannaseceae) and we enter Gingerbread order. Today it has about twelve species, which are naturally distributed in Central and South America.
The flower in the natural environment grows in open and sunny areas, preferring moist and humus-rich soils. The flower catalog just includes an incredible number of varieties, but the most popular were only the brightest and longest flowering canneswhich are easy to grow in the conditions of home gardening.
Name of species or variety
Species or variety description
Slow-growing perennial having an erect, smooth stem part and a powerful rhizome. The height of the aerial part is 1.5-2.0 m. The foliage is elliptical, broadly lanceolate, leathery, dense, smooth, solid, light green in color with red stripes, up to half a meter long. The flowers are few, tubular type, with a diameter of not more than 8.0-10 cm, waxy, pinkish-fawn and red coloration, collected in racemose inflorescences
Evergreen perennial up to one and a half meters high, with a vertically located rhizome. Foliage lanceolate, oblong, narrowed at the base, up to 50-60 cm long. Flowers with a diameter of up to 8 cm, yellowish-gray color, with small attractive bracts
Includes all garden modern hybrid forms, differing in size and coloring. Large-flowered varieties belonging to the Crozi group, as well as the Humbold variety with bright orange flowers and red-brown foliage and the unpretentious Tropicana Durban, are especially popular with flower growers.
It has an aboveground part with a height of not more than one and a half meters. In vivo grows in China. The foliage is distinguished by an oval-elongated shape, bright green staining, up to half a meter long. Reddish-orange flowers, with a diameter of not more than 8.0-10 cm, collected in attractive inflorescences
The stem part of the ornamental culture is between 1.2-1.4 m high. The flowers are large in size, with a diameter of 10-12 cm, purple-red color, collected in relatively long inflorescences. Foliage reddish purple
The stem part is straight-growing, strong, with a height of not more than 1.1-1.3 m. The flowers are relatively large, light beige-pink, collected in relatively long inflorescences. Foliage reddish green
The aerial part is represented by straight stems with a height of not more than 1.1-1.2 m. Flowers of bright, reddish-orange color, collected in attractive and relatively long inflorescences
Andenken en Pfitzer
The aerial part is represented by straight-growing strong stems up to 1.2-1.4 m high. The flowers have attractive orange staining with fairly pronounced red strokes at the base. Foliage brown-purple
The height of the above-ground part does not exceed a meter, with fairly good foliage. The flowers have a light beige yellow or cream color, collected in relatively long and attractive inflorescences.
Bushes are represented by stems no more than one and a half meters high. The flowers are juicy and saturated orange, up to 10-12 cm long. Flowering is very plentiful and lasts. Varietal feature is the preservation of decorativeness throughout the season thanks to bronze-brown foliage
The medium-sized plant forms cream-yellow flowers, stunning in their beauty, with numerous and clearly visible brownish-pink spots
The medium-sized plant is distinguished by bright red flowers with a pronounced yellow border. Foliage of green staining, wide enough, with slight waviness at the edges. Flowering continues until mid-October.
A feature of varietal colors is an interesting distribution of different shades across the petals. The main one is red. Framing and streaks of yellow are also present. The height of the plant does not exceed 1.2-1.3 m. The affinity of the aerial parts is good. The foliage is saturated green.
The variety is very much appreciated by flower growers and landscape designers for their incredibly attractive and bright yellow petals with pronounced oblong intersperses of orange-red color. The diameter of the flower does not exceed 12-13 cm with a total height of the stems at the level of 80-90 cm
Obtaining a new plant in the conditions of home gardening is most often carried out by sowing seeds, but propagation by dividing the rhizome is also practiced. Both methods require strict adherence to technology:
For the purpose of growing, the obtained delenki should be placed in individual landing containers filled with nutrient soil substrate based on compost, humus and medium-grained sand.
To get a long and bright flowering, the decorative culture must be properly looked after throughout the season.
In order to achieve the most abundant and long flowering from the garden cannon, it is recommended to choose the right site for planting. The growing area should be sunny and well warmed up. You can not plant culture in the lowlands and in areasexposed to severe gusts of north cold wind. The flower garden must be properly prepared in advance by digging a shovel to the depth of the bayonet and removing all weeds, as well as garbage.
The plant prefers areas represented by fertile, rich organic matter and warm soil. Soil consisting of humus, leafy soil, coarse sand and peat in equal proportions is best suited for cultivation. A prerequisite is a reliable and high-quality drainage device.
It is advisable to plant a plant in a permanent place in the second half of May, after the risk of the return of spring frosts has passed. Failure to meet planting dates often becomes the main reason for the lag in the development of the canna or the complete absence of flower formation. It is best to plant the plant on a hot "litter", which performed in accordance with the following technology:
The standard distance between planted plants and between rows should not be less than half a meter. Flowering occurs approximately one and a half to two months after planting the planting material in a permanent place in the open ground.
Cannes belong to the category of moisture-loving crops, so you need to provide plentiful irrigation measures by irrigation with warm and soft water. Top dressing is carried out throughout the entire period of growth and development, but at the stage of dying off foliage, watering and top dressing, it is necessary to gradually reduce, and then completely stop.
Experienced flower growers practice frequent fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers or diluted mullein infusion once a month. The feeding rate is 40-50 g of the mixture based on 12 g of nitrogen, 25 g of phosphorus, 10 g of potash fertilizer per square meter of flower garden. Watering should be combined with cultivation and weeding measures.
Rarely, cannons are affected by bacterioses, accompanied by blackening and subsequent death of the buds or the appearance of blackening spots on the foliage. A bacterial infection is incurable and is often caused by an excess of moisture.
Strong waterlogging of the soil also causes a rust fungus, for the destruction of which treatment with special preparations or a solution based on potassium permanganate diluted at the rate of 4.0 g per bucket of warm water are used. Periodically, you can spray the plant "Vertimek" or Mauritius
Sometimes with visible good care, the cannes do not bloom. In this case Care must be taken. In home floriculture, the main factors can be represented by the lack of the temperature level necessary for growth and development, as well as improper watering and feeding or uncomfortable humidity.
Plants can also be damaged by aphids, dustpan, spider mites, rust and mosaic, which weakens the culture and does not allow to bloom. In this case, it is necessary to properly balance the care, and also to make the whole complex of preventive and therapeutic measures.
After the daytime temperatures drop to almost zero, the leaves are cut off and the flowers are dug up, keeping an earthen coma around the tuber. After flowering, you can dig planting material for winter storage or plant it in flower pots, and then put the house on a well-lit window sill. During this period, watering must be reduced to one or two times a month. Top dressing is excluded completely.
Wintering in the open field is not always successful, which is why you need to dig up tubers before winter and lay them in storage. To properly preserve planting material, it is necessary to ensure the temperature regime at the level of 8-12aboutFROM.
It is best to store tubers or rhizomes in dry and cool basements. The correct choice of storage and compliance with optimal temperature and humidity indicators positively affect the quality characteristics of planting material, as well as flowering productivity indicators in the next season.
Kanna is photophilous, so you need to place a flower pot only in a sunny place, which is optimally suited as a window sill located on the south or west side of the room.
At home, flower care is not at all complicated. As necessary, irrigation measures are carried out with standing water at room temperature. A couple of times a month, watering is combined with liquid fertilizing fertilizers, suitable for growing indoor flowering perennials. Periodically, you need to inspect the perennial for damage by diseases and pests, and if necessary, carry out preventive or therapeutic measures.
Beautiful cannons look great in mono-bouquets and as a spectacular decoration of flower beds or flower beds in combination with stunted ornamental plants. Recently, cannons are increasingly used in the summer design of terraces and balconies, as well as planted as part of flower arrangements on lawns.