Edible and inedible mushrooms of the Krasnodar Territory


Mushroom picking is a fascinating and useful activity that allows you to diversify the menu with delicious and nutritious dishes. Mushrooms of the Krasnodar Territory are represented by numerous varieties, among which there are both edible and poisonous species. To know which mushrooms can be eaten, you should carefully study their description and get acquainted with the main characteristics, as well as places where edible varieties grow.

Edible species

Now, like many years ago, the forests of the Krasnodar Territory abound with representatives of the mushroom kingdom. Most of the mushrooms growing in this area are edible and are well known to experienced connoisseurs of quiet hunting.

Due to the soil and climatic features of the region, mushroom picking can take place as early as May, and the fruiting period continues until the onset of a noticeable autumn cooling.

View name

Latin name

Hat Description

Leg Characteristic

Pulp Features

Porcini

Boletus edulis Fr.

Hemispherical or convex in shape, changes with aging to a flat or pillow-shaped; Brown

Tuberous, with a thickening at the base, solid, with a dry and dull surface, with a mesh pattern

Fleshy, dense, does not change at the cut, with a fresh taste and pleasant smell

Hrabovik

Leccinum griseum Sing.

Dry, slightly wrinkled, golden yellow or brownish

Straight or curved, bottom with a thickening, scaly-fibrous type

Thick and fleshy, with fiber, whitish-gray, darkens at cut

Yellow hedgehog

Hydnum repandum Fr.

Thick, convex, irregular shape, yellowish or pink-yellow staining, with wavy edges

Cylindrical, narrowed to the base, pinkish staining

Equal in color with pulp hats

The butterdish is grainy

Suillus granulatus

Mucous, hemispherical or pillow-shaped, yellow-red or brownish staining

Straight or slightly curved, cylindrical

Fleshy, yellowish-white color, no pronounced taste

The line is ordinary

Gyromitra esculenta

Folded, irregular, brownish or brown

Swollen, uneven, folded-furrowed type

Thin, waxy, brittle, with a damp smell

Photo gallery





Poisonous species

The number of varieties of inedible mushrooms reaches hundreds. Some species of poisonous mushrooms are very similar in appearance and smell to edible ones. Such instances are especially dangerous for the child's body. therefore it is necessary to ensure that children do not try "on the tongue" any mushrooms in the forest.

What mushrooms are edible

Important to remember, that it’s very easy to confuse a real fox with a orange talker, and all fly agarics belong to the category of poisonous mushrooms, as well as a yellowing champignon and sulfur-yellow false-foam very similar to an autumn mushroom.

View name

Latin name

Hat Description

Leg Characteristic

Pulp Features

Death cap

Amanita phalloides

Hemispherical or flat-convex, pale green or whitish staining with a green-brown center, smooth or slightly ribbed edge

Straight, cylindrical, narrowed at the top and tuberous at the base, hollow, with an annular ribbed and hanging veil

Thin, fleshy, brittle, white staining

Satanic mushroom

Boletus satanas Lenz.

Hemispherical or pillow-shaped, grayish-whitish color, uneven coloring with a red underside

Yellowish-reddish, relatively brittle, barrel-shaped

Dense, whitish in color, on the fault blushes and turns blue

Thin pig

Paxillus involutus Fr.

Flat with a depression in the middle, yellowish-brown, with curled down edges, a smooth, dry and matte surface

Straight or curved, cylindrical, one color with a hat

Fleshy, unbreakable, dark cream staining

Entoloma poisonous

Entoloma sinuatutn Kumtn.

Hemispherical or convex in shape, with a wide tubercle in the center, whitish or grayish yellow

Irregular cylindrical, continuous, with a fibrous-silky surface

Fleshy, dense, white

Amanita muscaria

Amanlta citrtna gray

Hemispherical or open, pale yellow with a green tint

Straight or curved, cylindrical in shape with gradual tapering to the apex

Thin, fleshy, brittle, white staining

Distribution area and mushroom spots

In areas with a humid subtropical climate, in particular in the Krasnodar Territory, edible and delicious birch bark mushrooms grow on fallen trees. It is important to note, that among the tree species of fungi there are practically no poisonous ones, which greatly facilitates the collection. Edible goats and flywheels most often grow in conifers.

Oak, hornbeam-oak, pine, fir-beech, beech-fir forests and clearings are rich in porcini, which can grow both singly and in small groups.

In foothill zones it became widespread hornbeam which prefers clay soils and grows both singly and in fairly large groups. To collect a large crop of yellow hedgehog is not difficult in deciduous and mixed forests, as well as conifers, regardless of the type of soil.

The butterdish is grainy mostly grows in foothill and mountain zones and is most often found in pine and mixed forests with fairly moist soil. There you can find oak milk mushrooms, which are large groups of days. Almost everywhere on wood, often rotten, grows a delicious and very popular mushroom garlic.

Dates of collection and features of the use of mushrooms

By the variety of mushroom species, the Krasnodar Territory can be compared with the Far East, but the peculiarities of soil and climatic conditions allow the collection of fruiting bodies for a fairly long time.

Thousands of fans of quiet hunting on weekends travel around the suburban forest belts. Depending on the species, mushroom picking can begin in May, and the last one is harvested before the onset of a significant autumn cooling. Of course, the timing of the main collection is approximate and may vary slightly depending on weather conditions every year.

View name

Category

Dates of the main fee

Use of fruiting bodies

White mushrooms

First

Between May and September

Universal

Hrabovik

Second

Between July and September

Cooking, frying, stewing, drying

Yellow hedgehog

Fourth

Between July and November

Cooking, stewing and frying

The butterdish is grainy

Second

Between April and November

Cooking, frying, stewing, drying, pickling

Real fox

First

Between May and November

Cooking, frying, stewing, pickling

Oak Chest

Second

Between June and October

Pickling

Green flywheel

Third

Between May and October

Cooking, frying, stewing, drying, pickling

Garlic

Fourth

Between July and September

Cooking, frying, stewing, drying

According to experienced mushroom pickers, the most favorable mushroom places in the Krasnodar Territory are oak forests near the Ubinka River, as well as the Crimean, Seversky, Absheron and Tuapse districts, Goryachiy Klyuch and the vicinity of the city of Gelendzhik. A significant number of mushrooms, Obabek, boletus, whites, mossoviks, throats and whites grows near Barabinsk. Here, regardless of skill, there is always the opportunity to collect a rich harvest of tasty and healthy mushrooms.





Inedible mushrooms



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