Mahonia aquifolium is a fairly popular evergreen shrub of the genus Magonia (Mahonia) from the family Barberry (Berberidaceae). With the correct selection of the variety and the observance of agricultural technology, the cultivation of padonbear magonia can be carried out almost everywhere. North America is considered to be the motherland of padubbolic mahonia.
The magic of a padubolist is now widespread not only in Ukraine, but also in Russia, including the Moscow Region, due to its unpretentious care, as well as the ease of propagation of this evergreen shrub. An adult plant, according to the description, does not exceed a meter in height and is able to form thickets due to the active growth of root offspring. The bark on new young shoots has a pink-gray color, and the surface of adult shoots has a brownish-gray hue with the presence of relatively pronounced longitudinal stripes.
The upper flower buds are egg-shaped, covered with a membranous type of scales with a strong sharpening. The lateral kidneys are characterized by an ovoid shape and the presence of weakly pointed scales. Complex leaves are pinnate. Their length is about 16-20 cm. Petioles with a reddish tint.
Mahonia aquifolium flower with a diameter of about 7-9 mm, light yellow color, with a bright lemon tint. Flowers are collected in brushes or panicles of a multifloral type. Active flowering occurs in April-May. Full berry ripening, depending on varietal characteristics, occurs in August or September. The berries are oblong elliptical in shape, not more than 1 cm long and 0.8 cm wide. Ripe fruits have a bluish-black surface and are characterized by a plentiful bluish plaque and gun. Sour-sweet pulp contains several oblong seeds. The fruits of Mahonia aquifolium are used in the confectionery industry, as well as for tinting wine materials.
The most popular varieties of ornamental shrubs are as follows:
In the warm autumn period, a decorative-berry plant can bloom even in October, which should be taken into account when planting and cultivating holly magonia.
To make the correct landing of Mahonia aquifolium, The following simple, but very important recommendations of specialists and experienced gardeners should be followed:
Mahonia aquifolium very easily tolerates transplantation, which can be carried out at any age of the plant. The best time for planting and replanting is the early spring.
Holly paddy can be propagated by both seed material and root offspring, layering and cuttings. Seed propagation is carried out in the spring. Most often, in the conditions of home gardening, propagation of decorative berry culture by cuttings is carried out:
Equally popular is the spring propagation of Mahonia aquifolium layers, which is very easy to perform in home gardening using the following instructions:
The shrub grows best on soils rich in humus and well retaining moisture. Caring for planted plants includes activities such as weeding tree trunks, irrigation, top dressing, as well as loosening the soil and preventive treatment of the aerial parts.
Growing an unpretentious Mahonia aquifolium is not difficult even for beginner amateur gardeners:
Of no small importance is the preventive spraying of the decorative berry shrub, which allows the plant to be most effectively protected from damage by the most common diseases and parasites. Against spotting, spring processing of the plant is carried out with copper-containing preparations. Spraying with a mixture based on 20 g of copper sulfate and 180-200 g of green soap diluted in 10 l of water shows good efficiency.
To protect the plant from powdery mildew, experienced gardeners recommend using Fundazolesprayed twice a month. The use of colloidal sulfur is also allowed. Damage to the decorative shrub can be caused by rust damage, against which sulfur-containing preparations are used or the crown is treated in early spring with the preparation Tsineb.
Mahonia aquifolium is widely used in landscape design. The shrub stands out against the background of many crops by the presence of brilliant scalloped leaves, bright spring flowering and attractive blue fruits. Inflorescences, represented by multi-flowered panicles, which are actively formed in the leaf sinuses, give the plant a special decorative effect. In the conditions of modern landscape design, the shrub can be used as follows:
Holly magonia refers to moisture-loving, frost-resistant crops and is practically not damaged by diseases or pests, which makes the culture in demand in household plots.