Edible and poisonous meadow mushrooms


Meadows and pasture territories in comparison with forests lose in the number of mushrooms. However, meadow mushrooms also grow in sufficient numbers, so if there is no forest nearby, in summer and autumn you can go on a quiet hunt right on the meadow.

Distribution area: Saratov, Samara, Lipetsk and Lugansk regions

The branch of the science of mushrooms, which studies their geographical distribution, is called mycogeography and allows you to determine the places and sites where the most forest and meadow mushrooms are located in each region.

The distribution range of meadow mushrooms is very extensive and covers almost all soil and climatic zones of our country. The area of ​​distribution of fungi has a predominant connection with their food sources and partner plants. The climatic features of the region have a secondary effect on the abundance and distribution area of ​​meadow mushrooms.

Outside the forest, both edible and poisonous species grow. When harvesting meadow mushrooms, one should definitely learn to distinguish between edible and conditionally edible species from inedible and deadly poisonous ones.

Certainly, the most valuable from the point of view of nutrition and taste are actually porcini mushrooms, which are often called meadow mushrooms, and boletus. However, according to the observation of experienced mushroom pickers, Forest mushrooms are higher in quality than those growing in the meadow, because they are less likely to be worms.

Meadow mushrooms: delicious mushrooms

Poisonous mushrooms: description and names

To the category of poisonous meadow mushrooms can be attributed to the pigs or grasslands, which often grow on pastures, which is why they got their second name. Also in the category of poisonous are the less common mushrooms presented in the table.

Name of meadow mushroomLatin nameCharacteristic and DescriptionFruiting
Feolepiotota GoldenPhaeolepiota aureaThe hat is pale ocher or bright orange, covered with scales. The flesh is white stained, with light brown plates. Grow in large groups next to nettlesPeak fruiting occurs in late summer and autumn.
Whitish talkerClitocibe dealbataThe cap is convex or prostrate-flat, powdery-white or whitish-grayish with slight spots. Leg of cylindrical shape, with slight narrowing at the baseFrom mid-summer to the first decade of November
False meadow champignonAgaricus pseudopratensisThe hat is thick and fleshy, semicircular or convex-spread, with flattening in the center, whitish or grayish-white. Medium LegFrom the last decade of May to mid-autumn
Yellow-green hygrocybeHygrocybe chlorophanaHemispherical hat of medium size and yellowish-green color. The leg is fragile, with a cavity inside and a dry surfaceThe fruiting season lasts from May to mid-October.

Edible field mushrooms

Among the edible mushrooms that most often grow in meadows are honey agarics or meadows, champignons and rowanings. Slightly less common are white or black whites, white and black marmots, usually near groves and forests. Most species of meadow mushrooms do not differ in nutritional value and taste from their counterparts collected in the forest.

Name of meadow mushroomLatin nameCharacteristic and DescriptionFruiting
ChampignonAgaricus campestrisA hat with a diameter of not more than 15.2 cm, hemispherical, dry, silky or with small scales. The pulp is white in color, on the cut with redness. Leg with a wide, white staining ringFrom mid-May to mid-October
Field champignonAgaricus arvensisThe hat is of fleshy type, round-bell-shaped, with a coverlet, silky type, with a smooth or slightly flaky surface. Pulp with almond flavor. Smooth cylindrical legFrom the last decade of May to mid-autumn
Double Ring ChampignonAgaricus biiorquisHat with a diameter of up to 15.5 cm, fleshy, white or off-white staining, with frequent pinkish plates and pinkish flesh on the cut. Medium-sized leg with smooth surface, white, with double ringFrom the last decade of May to the fall
White dung beetleCoprinus comatusThe hat is elongated in ovoid or narrow-bell-shaped, grayish-white color with a brownish tubercle and fibrous type of scales. Leg of cylindrical shape, with ebb and cavity, there is a ringAll summer and early fall
Ink dropperCoprinus atramentariusThe hat is grayish or grayish-brown in color, ovoid, wide, bell-shaped, with cracking edges and dark scales. The leg is white, can be curved, without a VolvoFrom the beginning of May to the middle of October
Hard voleAgrocybe duraThe hat is hemispherical in shape, with a diameter of up to 9 cm, with tucked edges, pale yellow, darkening at the cut. Leg of cylindrical or club-shaped, with a thickening at the baseFrom the beginning of May to the middle of October
Honey agaricMarasmius oreadesThe hat is small in size, smooth, flat-spread in shape, with a blunt tubercle in the central part. Edges of a translucent type, with a weak ribbing, uneven. The central part has a darker coloration. Legs are tall and thin, with slight tortuosity, velvety or powdery surfaceLate summer or early autumn
Lilac legLepista saevaThe hat is large and fleshy, hemispherical, convex, with thin edges turned down, smooth and glossy, bright purple. The leg is dense, cylindrical in shape, with a slight thickening to the baseMass fruiting occurs in the period from mid-September to the first autumn frosts
Porkovka blackeningBovista nigrescensThe fruiting body is no more than 4-4.7 cm in size, is round in shape; The internal mass is white, when it gets dark brown. When pressed, a cloud of spore powder is releasedMass gathering from June to September
Giant raincoatLangermarmia giganteaA spherical or ovoid mushroom with a diameter of up to 0.45 m. The white surface changes color over time to yellow or brownishMass gathering from June to September

As it is known to experienced mushroom pickers, you can return home with "prey" not only from the forest, but also from the meadow. Meadow mushrooms are varied and tasty, but you should be careful when collecting so that the mushroom feast does not turn into poisoning.

Fried Mushrooms: Recipe



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