Currant is a tasty and healthy berry, but growing it is laborious. Therefore, more and more people are interested in how to grow standard currants. The fact is that the cultivation of standard currants requires significantly less labor and is not particularly difficult. How to grow such a currant, even an inexperienced gardener will figure it out. And care for the standard currant is much easier than for the usual.
What is a standard currant? A stem is a part of the trunk from the root to the first branch of the crown. And the bush plant grown on the stem will no longer look like a bush, but like a small tree. The plants began to give the stamped form to the first in Europe with a decorative purpose. Subsequently, gardeners noticed that the berries of currants grown on the stem are much larger, tastier and more aromatic than ordinary. This happens because the berries receive more sunlight. Over time, a number of advantages of this form of cultivation were noticed and some of its disadvantages were identified.
Surprisingly, the advantages of this form of cultivation compared to traditional ones were many. That is why she quickly gained such widespread popularity.
There are not so many shortcomings, but they are still there, and you need to pay attention to them:
It is easy to grow a standard currant. To do this, you need to understand the main difference between the standard form and the bush form: when growing shrubs, root shoots are necessary. For their best development, the seedling is planted with an inclination. When growing a tree, these shoots are not needed, therefore, a seedling is planted at a right angle. For the same purpose, before planting, it is necessary to remove all buds and additional shoots from the root neck of the seedling, as well as all buds from the seedling and along its entire length except the topmost one. And to prevent their development in the future and reduce the work of care, you can put on a seedling before planting a light-tight tube to the height of the desired trunk, dipping it a little into the ground. You can not use a light-tight tube, but regularly cut off shoots that appear at an undesirable height. To develop a more powerful root system, the seedling needs to be planted 10 cm deeper than with traditional cultivation.
One of the prerequisites for the cultivation of standard currants is the installation of a support, because even a not too strong wind can damage these trees.
In the second year of the plant's life, it is necessary to remove from it all the shoots that have appeared, with the exception of the two strongest at the desired height of the beginning of the crown. When the standard currant reaches the required height, pinching should be done on its top for better development of the crown. To do this, in the third year it is necessary to pinch all the new shoots with a length of more than 10 cm. In the future, shoots that have stopped bearing fruit are cut, leaving two new ones in place of the old one.
There are some features of the standard form of currant, knowing about which, you can avoid many problems and unnecessary hassle:
Among currant trees you can place figures of fairy creatures, and then it will look even more interesting. Photos of children taken in such a grove will bring them many pleasant minutes. You can also shoot an amateur video in it, dressing up children and adults in costumes of fairy-tale characters. It will delight for a long time not only the participants and all those present during the shooting, but also all those who will be able to watch it.