The godson, or cineraria, is a bright and very extraordinary representative of the Astrov family. This genus has combined more than three thousand plants, which outwardly not only differ from each other, but are often unknowingly mistaken for succulents or other tropical exotics. At least a dozen types of culture are used in floriculture, which, due to the diversity of the genus, combined with each other, can fill the garden or flower garden with unusual images.
Particularly popular with flower growers are about a dozen varieties of cineraria, although in fact the number of cultivated people includes at least 50. Among them there are both indoor and specimens that perfectly tolerate winter in the Middle lane.
Among the most interesting species suitable for growing in Russian gardens as annuals and perennials, The following can be distinguished:
|The Godson Rowley / Rowley Cineraria||African tropical liana, which differs from other godchildren in the absence of leaves in the classical sense. Instead, long and strong stems of circular cross section are dotted with succulent-like leaflets-beads. The view is very unpretentious regarding soil and moisture. Reproduction mainly by layering, less often - by seeds||Designed for growing in room conditions. For successful growth the species needs a period of rest in winter|
|Bloody godson / bloody cineraria||Senecio cruentus is a perennial cineraria native to the Canary Islands. The bushes are well branched, with straight peduncles crowned with inflorescences of daisies of a wide variety of colors and shades. In culture, there is a bloody godson with two-color and double inflorescences.||It is grown in open ground as an annual. Propagated by seeds.|
|The godson is graceful / cineraria graceful||Senecio elegans is a South African species that, being a perennial, is cultivated as an annual in Russia. It grows to a height of not more than 60 cm, branches well. It has fleshy leaves and stems, covered with thick pubescence. The lower leaf blades are large, palmate or pinnately dissected. The upper ones are smaller. Beautifully flowering culture with bright daisies with a yellow center. The flower is small in size. Flowering continues all summer||The species is intended for cultivation in open ground, propagated using seeds.|
|Primorsky krestovnik / seaside cineraria (also known as silver, ash or sea)||Originally from the Mediterranean coast. Refers to decorative leaf species, since leaf blades of pinnately dissected shape and stems are covered with a thick fluff, due to which the bushes look as if they are covered with hoarfrost. Flowers of this species are inconspicuous, small, yellow in color, when grown||Intends for an open ground. Propagated by seedling method|
|Sagittarius sagittarius / wormwood cineraria||Senecio abrotanifolius - a cross with stems tetrahedral or triangular in cross-section, bearing large baskets of bright yellow flowers. Leaf blades are collected in a basal socket. Outwardly very attractive - bright green, repeatedly dissected, which is why they look like threads||Grown as a perennial, propagated by division of the bush and seeds|
|Ivy godson / cineraria ivy||Senecio angulatus is a South African species, characterized by juicy fleshy leaves of a rounded shape, densely located on long hanging stems. Paniculate inflorescences, composed of numerous small baskets of pale yellow||Designed for container growing, suitable for rocky slides and growing on a flower bed along the edge of the curb or in the foreground. Propagated by division of the bush and seeds|
In addition to the species listed in the table in Russia, lovers of exotic plants grow Grant Cineraria (Senecio grantii), Medley Wood (medley-woodii Hutch) and jointed (Senecio articulatus). In addition, varietal variety of godchildren helps to diversify the appearance of a flower garden or window sill.
Currently, almost all types of cineraria are of interest to professional breeders. Amateurs also often try to create new varieties of a favorite type. The most beautiful, or rather, Exotic representatives of the godchild have the following descriptions:
|Grade||Belonging to the species||Description|
|Silver Dust||Seaside||Ideal for borders, height up to 25 cm! The silver pubescence on light green openwork leaves makes it very decorative. Variety tolerates pruning|
|Grandiflora||Bloody||A small, very dense plant forming a rounded pillow bush up to 50 cm high. It blooms with very large flowers in the form of simple or semi-double daisies of bright pink or purple-red color.|
|Stellata||Bloody||Very fluffy and beautiful plant with palmate emerald leaves and star-shaped flowers. The height of plants of this variety reaches 70 cm|
|Cirrus||Seaside||Compact, very beautiful bush with rounded densely pubescent leaves. Plant height - no more than 45 cm|
|Nana||Bloody||Very dense, highly branched, but at the same time compact bush up to half a meter high. It features very bright colors with a rich cherry color with light rims.|
|White diamond||Seaside||An unusual variety with beautifully cut openwork leaves of almost snow-white color. Bush height rarely reaches 25 cm|
All this diversity, even when planting together on a flower bed, a discount or on a lawn, looks very impressive. Beautifully blooming godchildren look great in flowerpots, and seaside cineraria is the recognized queen of borders. So, flower beds, in which the red-flowered salvia and silver cineraria converge in their splendor, have become a recognized standard of beauty. And if not for this stunted "gray" grass, it is unlikely that passionate salvia glowed so brightly.
In general, decorative leafed godchildren look good in combination with any plants that form bright flowers. At the same time, culture is planted along the edge of the flowerbed. The exception is the elegant crossover. It can be placed centrally on a rocky hill. Nevertheless, an ideal placement of such plants is a border. Moreover, it does not matter what exactly will be framed by them. They can be safely planted along the edge of the garden path, in the flowerbed and in the mixborder. Varieties and species with a bush height of more than half a meter can be planted in arrays in company with other aster.
The technology for growing different varieties is different, since plants of this genus originally grew in conditions far from each other. In most cases, they do not require special growing conditions, and grow well on soils of any physical and chemical composition. Nevertheless, To obtain well-developed plants, their natural preferences must be taken into account.
Seaside cineraria refers to sun-loving crops, undemanding to the composition of the soil. It is recommended to plant it in areas that are lit by the sun all day. It is here that they will show the beauty of their whitish leaves.
Seeds have been sown in boxes since early March. It is not necessary to sprinkle seeds with soil. They are scattered on the surface of the soil and moistened. Then the boxes are placed on the most lighted window sill. The conditions for their emergence are standard - the temperature should be maintained at 20 degrees, and the soil should be kept moist. After emergence, waterlogging can be dangerous for seedlings, so watering is carried out infrequently. After the appearance of a pair of real leaves, seedlings dive. Landing is carried out in late May or early June.
Care consists of weekly watering and top dressing, which is carried out twice a month. If it rains, you can not water at all. It is recommended to use standard complex fertilizers for decorative leafy crops.
If you want to grow the culture as a perennial, with the onset of cold weather, the plant is cut, and the planting site is covered with spruce branches and leaves. You can also transplant several shrubs of the godson into pots and transfer them to the room. This species feels good in rooms with a temperature of 18 to 24 degrees.
The bloody godson, which can only be grown in seedlings, is undemanding to the soil, and needs bright, but not direct sunlight. Seedlings of this culture are sown very early - since December, as this species is the most "long-playing". Seeds in the soil are not covered, but scattered on the surface of moistened soil. To shoot, they need a lot of light and a little moisture. To do this, cover the boxes with glass and put on the windowsill. The temperature is maintained at 20 degrees. Under these conditions, seedlings appear in the second week after sowing.
Seedling care is simple: watering once a week and diving individual pots in the phase of cotyledon leaves.
So that bloody cineraria begins to bloom, after the formation of a bush, the temperature is reduced to 15 degrees. Under such conditions, the plant forms many buds, and flowering lasts about a month and a half. In the open ground, this species is not planted, and if you want to decorate it with the site, put the pots in a convenient place.
Graceful godson is one of the few species of its kind that prefers humus-rich soils. and can multiply by direct sowing of seeds into the ground. However, such plants can bloom late, so the best option - sowing seedlings in a street greenhouse, you can just on the bed under the film. This crossover prefers places sunny and protected from strong winds.
Caring for plants is very simple, and consists of regular watering and feeding twice a month with organic or a complex for flowering summers.
Godson roley very rarely propagated by seed. A more common and easy way to get a new plant is to make layering by pinning the shoot of this vine to the surface of the soil. After the formation of roots, a twig is cut off and planted in a pot. The peculiarity of the variety is undemanding to irrigation and soil fertility. You can plant a plant in any substrate except sand.
Cineraria of this species does not tolerate movement from place to place. A pot with a young vine should be placed in a place where she spends most of her life. The optimum temperature for the plant is at least 26 degrees. In winter, it is allowed to lower it, but no more than 12 degrees.
Plant care is very simple - you need to ensure that the soil lump does not dry out. For this, the flower is watered once a week or even less. A little more often you can water only young plants that build up shoots. Top dressing is not needed at all, but if you wish, you can add half a dose of fertilizer for succulents to the water for irrigation once a month.
Cineraria is a wonderful plant that can give the garden new shades of beauty. Due to the variety of species and varieties, this culture is widely used in garden design, and even gained eminent landscape designers as one of its loyal fans.