Bird cherry (Prúnus pádus) - a species of low trees (or shrubs) of the genus Plum of the family Pink (Rosaceae). In recent times, such varieties of culture as Colorata and Maaka have been increasingly used in home garden landscaping.
Colorata (Colorata) is one of the most interesting and spectacular bird cherry varieties selected in Sweden. but in our country, many gardeners prefer the variety of Maak (Padus Maaki). The description and botanical characteristics of these popular varieties are very favorable for growing them in the soil and climatic conditions of Russia.
|Padus maaki||Height - 4.5-10.5 m. Shoots are erect, sometimes pubescent, with another leaf arrangement. The leaves are oval, elliptical or ovoid, simple type, with a sharp apical part and serrated edges, with pubescence||Inflorescences are racemose. The flowers are white, up to 1 cm in size, with 5 petals. The aroma expressed||Fruits are represented by drupes, berries. Unripe fruits are red, fully ripened - purple, purple or black|
|Padus colorata||A tree or bush 5.5-6.0 m high. The bark and shoots are purple or dark purple. Young leaves have a purple hue, adults - purple-bronze on the back||Inflorescences are racemose. The flowers are pale pink, decorative, with a strong aroma||The fruits are edible, tasty, at the stage of full ripening - pronounced black color, with a shiny surface and somewhat tart taste.|
As a rule, bird cherry planting is not difficult even for beginner gardeners. To get a highly decorative and healthy plant with medicinal properties, it is enough to adhere to a simple technology:
Bird cherry can be planted both in spring and early autumn: it depends on soil and climatic conditions in the growing region. Watering is carried out immediately after planting, and if necessary, the plants are shaded from direct sunlight. A good result is mulching trunks circles peat or sawdust.
There are several simple ways of self-propagation of bird cherry. In home gardening, the following are most often used:
Bird cherry can be propagated by vaccination - in winter and early spring. To do this, it is recommended to use an improved or simple copying. It is also allowed to conduct budding in July - about a couple of weeks earlier than on apple trees. As a stock for grafting or budding, you can use the seedling of bird cherry ordinary: this will achieve almost one hundred percent survival of the plant.
Almost all types of bird cherry are unpretentious and sufficiently resistant to adverse external influences. However, plant care has its own characteristics.
On the territory of our country bird cherry is very common. In addition to decorativeness, the plant is also distinguished by medicinal berries. Planting and caring for an unpretentious culture are not difficult, due to which the bird cherry is able to decorate your site for a long time.