Rosehip or Rōsa is a well-known plant in our country from the Rosaceae family. In official and traditional medicine, not only the fruits of this culture are in demand, but also the medicinal properties of rose hips are widely used.
Bisexual flowers with a diameter of 1.5-10 cm can be either single or collected in a corymbose or paniculate type of inflorescence. Some species have bracts. Pedicels are short, 0.55-1.75 cm long. Hypanthium is ovoid, spherical, bottle-shaped or pitcher-like, with narrowing on the throat. Corollas are large, with five petals, occasionally semi-double. Staining can be red, yellow, creamy or white.
Sepals of the whole type can have an extended pointed point. A pair of sepals has two-sided dissection, and one has a one-sided dissection. Numerous and freely located stamens are complemented by two-nest anthers. Pestles are most often of a sedentary type, adherent to the receptacle, located spirally at the bottom of the hypanthium. Ovaries with hairs, single-nested type, freely located. Ovules are single-coated.
The healing and healing properties of rose hips are used very widely.
Useful qualities of rosehip flowers are easily explained by their chemical composition:
The flowers of this decorative culture are an excellent raw material for obtaining rose oil, which is very actively used in aromatherapy. Based on rose oil, Bulgarian manufacturers launched the famous preparation "Rosanol", used in the treatment of biliary tract diseases, liver diseases, and also to improve the condition of people suffering from urolithiasis. Ointments, gels and lotions with rose oil can cure long-term non-healing wounds.
Extracts from flowers are used to improve the taste and smell of drugs. Dried and ground rosehip petals are a popular supplement for herbal and soothing pillow fillers.
The use of rose petals also determines their presence in a variety of herbal preparations used in folk medicine to increase immunity, strengthen strength for colds and flu, and in the treatment of neurasthenia. Well-proven remedies based on rosehip flowers in getting rid of conjunctivitis, hemorrhoids, reducing the risk of allergic manifestations.
Medicines based on petals of rosehip of May for internal use are used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for the treatment of diarrhea, high blood pressure and atherosclerosis.
Pronounced contraindications for the use of rosehip flowers are almost completely absent. It is necessary to limit the use of preparations based on pink petals with a tendency to allergies, and also be careful in taking such drugs for exacerbation of chronic diseases and individual intolerance to the components.
Decoctions and infusions based on rose petals are used to prepare both external and internal products. External drugs are in demand for the treatment of blepharitis, conjunctivitis, skin ulceration, burn surfaces, dermatitis and psoriasis, purulent dermatological infections, acne and furunculosis.
Medicines with rosehip petals for oral administration are in demand in the treatment of pathologies of the urinary system, atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels, heart attacks and pre-infarction conditions, ischemia and hemorrhagic strokes. Such drugs are recommended with a reduced level of pancreatic enzyme production and decreased appetite.
Infusions and decoctions of rose petals can cure:
A positive effect is observed in the treatment of viral and bacterial infections.
Based on the flower petals of rose hips, decoctions are prepared that have a pronounced therapeutic effect in the presence of erysipelatous skin inflammation and eye diseases. To prepare the product, 0.1 kg of raw materials should be poured with a glass of boiling water and boiled for an hour. Then the broth must be cooled and filtered. It is used as lotions, which are applied to the affected areas.
Rosehip flowers are widely used in cosmetology in the form of compresses with decoctions or water infusions that allow you to rejuvenate the skin, restore its smoothness and elasticity, eliminate puffiness and various defects, and help get rid of age spots and spider veins. Cosmetologists recommend taking baths with the addition of rose hips: this procedure moisturizes and effectively softens the skin, relieves skin irritation and inflammation, and also helps to get rid of cellulite and postpartum stretch marks.