Ground cover plants: unpretentious carpet of flowers

Groundcover plants - low-growing (often creeping) plants that can quickly capture large areas. Groundcover can be annual, biennial, and perennial.

Feature and Features

Many landowners are unpretentious in care and are drought tolerant. Under favorable conditions, one plant per season can cover 50 cm² of soil. Groundbreakers are light and shade-loving. Due to their ability to grow, they are often used to create lawns in the most difficult areas.

Plant benefits

Groundbreakers have many advantages:

  • perfectly perform the function of the lawn;
  • they can grow on almost any soil, are not demanding in care: they do not need to be trimmed and regularly cleaned with a rake;
  • do not allow the soil to overheat in the heat;
  • protect the soil from the wind;
  • reduce evaporation of moisture from the site;
  • prevent weeds from germinating;
  • create a natural natural style in the garden;
  • perfectly coexist with plants that suffer greatly from disturbance of the topsoil;
  • produce oxygen during the growing season;
  • prevent the formation of crust on the surface of the soil;
  • do not allow leaching of useful substances from the soil.

Ground Cover Plants: Species

Rules for planting ground cover plants

Planting is simple. The soil must be prepared taking into account the type of ground cover and compost, sand, clay, organic fertilizers and mineral substances are added to it before planting - this eliminates the need to feed plants in the future.

Care Tips

During the growth period, faded buds are removed from the soil coverors and the plants are irrigated in a timely manner. Abundant watering is carried out for the winter, and non-frost-resistant plant varieties are covered with spruce branches. If the soil has not been fertilized before planting, then top dressing is carried out during the growth of the groundcover. To prevent the appearance of bushes, mulch is poured between rows of landings.

Popular types of soil protectors

From properly selected plants, you can create a long-flowering and even carpet on the site. Groundbreakers are light and shade-loving, which must be considered when planting.

Shady views

Such plants are planted in shaded areas. Usually they tolerate winter well and do not require careful maintenance.

Plant nameKey FeaturesCare requirementsFrost resistance
Loosestrife Aureus (Lysimachia)Grows slowly, forms dense curtainsIn spring, it requires trimming part of the shootsTo severe winters - low
Yellow Zelenchuk (Lamium galeobdolon)Beautiful leaves with silver streaksLow maintenanceAverage
Awl-shaped bryozoans (Sagina subulata)Yellow or green foliage, white flowersLow maintenanceAverage
Hairy Hawk (Hieracium pilosella)Creeping plant with silvery pubescent leavesLow maintenanceGreat
Periwinkle small (Vinca minor)Fairly tall plantLow maintenance and sunlightAverage
Horizontal cotoneaster (Cotoneaste)Creeping plant with rooting in knotsLow maintenanceGreat
Juniper (Juniperus communis)It grows slowly, tightly pressed to the groundUnpretentious, but in heavily shaded areas can not growAverage
Daurian Moonseed (Menispermum dauricum)Creeping plantFor the plant to twist, it must be tied to a supportRequires shelter
Saxifraga (Saxifraga)Grows between stones, slabs, on retaining wallsNo Care RequiredGreat
Little creeping little black scallop (Ajuga reptans)It spreads tightly. Large, glossy leavesNo Care RequiredAverage

Photophilous ground cover plants

Some landowners feel better in sunny areas. In the shade they are also able to grow, but their shoots in this case will be weaker, and a dense carpet will not work.

Plant nameKey FeaturesCare requirementsFrost resistance
ArabisIt reaches a height of 20 cm. The flowers are purple or white.Drought-resistant, undemanding to soilAverage
Badan (Bergenia)Often used as a barrier against weeds.No Care RequiredAverage
Alpine clove (Dianthus alpinus)A dicotyledonous plant suitable for planting on an alpine hillRequires light sandy soil, light irrigation and moderate feedingLow
IberisCruciferous family plant with elegant white flowersUndemanding to watering. Not fedAverage
HeicheraLow-growing plant from the Saxifrage familyPrefers places protected from the cold wind.Weak
AubrietaBright plant with purple leavesNeutral soil and shallow mulching requiredIt tolerates the first frosts, does not take off the foliage
Stonecrop (Sedum pachyphylium)Perennial with smooth fleshy leavesNo Care RequiredAverage
Styloid phlox (Phlox subulata)Has sharp, narrow leaves resembling shilitsNo Care RequiredEven under the snow stays green
Stubble (Cerastium)Perennial from the clove familyFeels good in the temperate zone.Great
AlyssymUnpretentious annual with a pleasant aromaThe soil should be well-drained and rich in calcium.Cold-resistant plant, blooming profusely until the frost

The use of soil protectors in landscape design and combination with other plants

The easiest way to decorate a ground cover is to plant crocuses between the plants. (Crocus), asters (Aster) and bells (Campanula), and also add a few stones to the composition.

Alpine hills and rockeries using groundcover plants are very popular today. Their difference is that in rockeries, the main emphasis is on stones and their location. Also, when creating a rockery, drainage is not required, so everyone can create such an element of landscape design.
The best basis for a rockery with groundcover will be a landscape with hills and swings. Ideally, this should be a site with a sufficiently large amount of sunlight throughout the day, for example, the blind area of ​​the building. Sometimes such stony flower gardens distinguish between garden areas.

When creating a rockery or rock garden, it is better to combine groundcover with unpretentious coniferous and deciduous plants, which are easy to care for. Thuja (Thuja), junipers (Juniperus), dwarf pines (Pinus) are perfect. It should be borne in mind that the best time for planting conifers is spring and autumn.

Deciduous plants look great in rockeries: roses, barberries, azaleas, spireas, which make the transition from a flower garden to the earth smoother. They can be planted in the vicinity of ground coverers such as cloves (Dianthus), periwinkle, thyme, rabbit cabbage (Oxalis acetosella).

A creeper survivor and similar groundcover can be used to plant bushes. Great neighbors for them will be rudbeckia (Rudbeckia) and irises (Iris). A periwinkle is planted in rabatki, near paths and under trees. Saxifrages are well suited for the foreground of flower beds.

Land Cover Plants in Landscaping

Ground cover plants are ideal for areas where there is no possibility of creating a lawn. They are unpretentious, frost-resistant and grow rapidly. Due to these qualities, plants are widely used in landscape design.

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