Rye in the winter: benefits and rules for sowing

Rye refers to annual or biennial herbaceous plants from the genus Rye and the Myatlikov family. This cultivated plant is in demand as green manure, and is sown in the conditions of home gardening in order to improve the quality characteristics of the soil.

Botanical features

Rye has a fibrous root system, which penetrates to a depth of two meters and is quite easy to grow on sandy soils. High physiological activity allows the culture in the shortest possible time to assimilate from the soil useful elements represented by sparingly soluble compounds.

The hollow stem part of the rye has five to six internodes. The stem is of a direct type, bare almost over its entire length, except for the area directly under the ears. The average stem height, depending on the varietal characteristics, can be on the order of 0.8-1.0 m. The leaves are broadly linear, flat, up to 30 cm long and 25 mm wide. At the base of the leaf blade there is a shortened tongue with short, bare or pubescent ears covering the stem part.

When to plant as siderat

Rye is a fairly popular siderate in our country, sown in an ordinary way or in bulk. The high level of unpretentiousness of rye to the qualitative composition of the soil makes this plant very competitive in comparison with other green manure crops. Such an unpretentious, but very effective green fertilizer shows the highest productivity when sowing in the winter.

It is rye that can in a short time increase a significant amount of green mass before the onset of severe cooling, which allows the use of this plant after harvesting the main garden crops. It is best to plant green manure in September. In this case, the green mass that has grown to snow should not be cut, and the culture itself can easily tolerate snowless winter. Thus, in the spring, the culture quickly enough enters the phase of active growth and in May it is ready to be embedded in the ground in the garden. In the middle zone of our country, rye must be sown from mid-August to the last decade of September, which allows you to grow plants to a height of 20-25 cm before the onset of significant frosts. The standard consumption of seed in this case is approximately one and a half kilograms per each hundredth of the site.

Autumn cultivation: siderata

Greenhouse planting technology

In greenhouse conditions, it is recommended to plant highly productive and short-stalked varieties of rye, which are sufficiently resistant to lodging and disease. Most often sown in a greenhouse:

  • Bezenchukskaya-87;
  • "Short-stemmed 69"
  • "Haze";
  • "Blizzard";
  • "Saratov-5";
  • Derzhavinskaya-29.

In organic farming, green manure is one of the most effective means of improving soil quality. Nevertheless, on the issues of planting rye in the greenhouse among amateur vegetable growers there is still no unequivocal opinion.

According to the experience of many gardeners, rye planted in the winter on greenhouse ridges continues its growth and development in the spring, and this sidereal plant is able to secrete substances that have a depressing effect on weeds and garden crops. Certainly rye is able to perfectly heal greenhouse soil, often infected with nematodes or pathogenic fungi. However, planting cucumbers after planting green mass of rye is not recommended, since a vegetable crop may lag behind in development and reduce yield.

Features of sowing work in the garden

It is possible to sow rye as green manure on ridges, as well as in areas in the open ground, which will destroy the causative agents of fungal diseases and inhibit the development of the nematode. It is recommended to plant rye in front of potatoes, tomato, pumpkin, zucchini and cucumbers as a sideral crop predecessor..

If in the spring it is necessary to plant such green manure as rye in furrows, then in the autumn it is recommended to plant this green fertilizer by simply scattering seeds in the soil and covering it with a mulching layer. It is allowed to plant winter sideral crops in furrows, but subject to sowing depth of not more than three to four centimeters. It is advisable to cut the green mass with a plane cutter directly above the surface, after which the root system remaining in the soil needs to be dug up.

Fertilizer benefits

Rye has undeniable advantages over many other green manure crops and green manure, and sow it in a home garden for several reasons:

  • rapid growth and a tendency to strong tillering;
  • the ability to enrich the soil with such important and valuable nutrients as nitrogen, potassium and organic compounds;
  • improvement of soil looseness and breathability;
  • the possibility of application in crop rotation;
  • the possibility of sowing in the autumn, after the harvest of the main crop;
  • such planting serves as a good protection of the soil on the site from erosion as a result of the negative effects of wind or water;
  • if necessary, sow rye in the winter, hold the snow and prevent deep freezing of the soil.

In the spring, the green mass of rye does not need to be crushed, so it can be completely embedded in the soil on the site. In addition, rye has a depressing effect on weeds and is highly effective in removing wheatgrass from a patch.

Rye: useful properties

However, it should be remembered that it is not allowed to grow on the same site siderat plants and garden crops belonging to the same family. It is also necessary to observe the mowing time of the sideral culture and not allow the lignification of the stem part, root system or seed ripening. Among other things, rye has a draining effect on the soil and is more in demand in regions with sufficient rainfall.

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